China sanctions EU officials in response to Uyghur row

China on Monday said it had decided to impose sanctions on 10 European Union citizens, including politicians, for “gross interference” in its internal affairs, and for “flagrantly violating international law”.

In a statement, China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced it would endorse sanctions against the individuals and four EU entities for “maliciously spreading lies and false information”.

On the list of individuals to be sanctioned are five members of the EU parliament — Reinhard Butikofer, Michael Gahler, Raphael Glucksmann, Ilhan Kyuchyuk and Miriam Lexmann — EU human rights and security committee members, and Adrian Zenz, a US-based German scholar who has published reports of abuse against minorities in Tibet and Xinjiang.

Beijing said it will also sanction EU entities including Germany’s Mercator Institute for China Studies and a Danish democracy organization.

China’s foreign ministry says all relevant personnel and their family members will be prohibited from entering mainland China, as well as the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao, adding that their affiliated companies and institutions have also been restricted from communicating with China.

EU moves against China over Uyghurs

The move comes shortly after the EU agreed to sanction China for human rights abuses against the Uyghurs at a foreign ministers’ meeting earlier on Monday in Brussels.

Four regional and party representatives, as well as a construction firm from Xinjiang province, were added to the EU sanctions list, with their names published in the EU Official Journal.

The EU has not issued punitive sanctions on China for human rights abuses since the Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989.

Brussels imposed travel bans and asset freezes on Chen Mingguo, director of the Xinjiang Public Security Bureau, as well as senior Chinese officials Wang Mingshan and Wang Junzheng. The former head of China’s Xinjiang region, Zhu Hailun, was also targeted.

The construction company hit with sanctions was the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Public Security Bureau.

The decision came as EU foreign ministers agreed on a series of different sanctions against various countries and entities.

The bloc is also to sanction several individuals and entities from North Korea, Russia, Libya, Eritrea and South Sudan on Monday.

Eleven individuals involved in Myanmar’s military coup and the repression of demonstrators there were also hit with restrictive measures.

Why would the EU impose sanctions on China?

In the last few years, hundreds of Uyghurs, as well as other ethnic minorities in China such as Kazakhs and Huis have testified about being held in internment camps.

Observers say such facilities are part of a government campaign to forcibly assimilate ethnic minorities, sometimes using torture and forced labour. Mass rapes and the forced sterilization of women are also alleged to have taken place in the camps.

Beijing says the camps — which are estimated to have held more than 1 million people since 2017 — are “vocational education centers” to prevent extremism and terrorism.

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